Workshop n. 1

Title “Species and Ecological biodiversity in Europe”

Activities: F2F lesson to present the geographical differences of the countries involved in the project.

Group work to compare and collect material to start the booklet.

 Reference: Mrs Di Ronza M.R.

poland_640 (3)Biodiversity – Poland

romania_640 (3)Romania Biodiversity

italy_640 (12)Italy Biodiversity

turkey_640 (3)Biodiversity in Turkey


The Mediterranean Sea was an important route for merchants and travelers during ancient times as it allowed for trade and cultural exchange between emergent peoples of the region. Several ancient civilizations were located around its shores; thus it has had a major influence on those cultures. It provided routes for trade, colonization and war, and provided food (by fishing and the gathering) for numerous communities throughout the ages.This inland sea is bordered on the north by Europe, the east by Asia, and in the south by Africa. This 969,100 sq. mile body of water is approximately 2,300 miles in length, and has a maximum depth of 16,896 ft. The typical Mediterranean climate is hot, with dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Major crops of the region include olives, grapes, oranges, tangerines, and cork.Major subdivisions include the Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Baltic Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Ionian Sea and Ligurian Sea.

The Black Sea is an inland sea located between far-southeastern Europe and the far-western edges of the continent of Asia and the country of Turkey. It’s bordered by Turkey, and by Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia. It connects to the Mediterranean Sea first through the Bosporus Strait, then through the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles Strait, then south through the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Crete. Many rivers flow into the Black Sea but the two most important include the Danube and the Dnipro. Excluding the Sea of Azov, the Black Sea is 436,400 sq. km (168,500 sq. miles) in size, and has a maximum depth of 2200 meters (7,218 ft.). Over many centuries the Black Sea has been of critical importance to regional commerce. Today this body of water serves as a primary highway for the transport of energy to Europe from Russia and western Asia. This valuable economic conduit is one of the world’s busiest waterways, and in 2005 over 55,000 ships, including almost 6,000 oil tankers passed through the Bosporus Strait, most carrying Russian oil.

The Baltic Sea is positioned in Northern Europe and bordered by Sweden (a part of the Scandinavian Peninsula), Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, northeastern Germany, and eastern Denmark and its numerous islands. In the north, above the Aland Islands, the Baltic Sea is referred to as the Gulf of Bothnia. In the east, the Gulf of Finland connects the Baltic Sea to St. Petersburg, Russia. In the south and southeast it forms two small gulfs, including the Gulf of Gdansk and the Gulf of Riga. The definitive western end of the Baltic Sea is difficult to determine, as well as indicate on the map, but in general terms its waters flow on through Kattegat Bay into the Skagerrak Strait, and then merge with the North Sea. Estimating the size of the Baltic Sea is based on where the sea actually ends, so all known measurements are estimates, at best. Wikipedia references a surface area of 377,000 sq. km, while Baltic Resources uses 375,600 sq. km. Average depth runs near 55 meters (180 ft.), while the maximum depth is measured at 459 meters (1,506 ft.). The Kiel Canal in northern Germany is one of the world’s busiest artificial waterways. International sea traffic uses it to connect between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, thus saving hundreds of miles of additional travel time around Denmark, and the related high costs of transportation.